Elements in Bhil Tribe Art

by Universaltribes Admin on Mar 31, 2023

The figures drawn on the walls are mostly sacred in nature, such as temples, swastika, and ritualistic rituals performed as part of a ritual ceremony. The belief behind these paintings is to promote fertility, avoid diseases, and to keep inauspicious spirits and ghost spirits at bay.

In their paintings, Bhils combined motifs such as natural objects such as the sun, star, and moon; animal motifs such as cattle, snakes, elephants, rats, tigers, goats, and birds, particularly peacocks; and floral motifs such as leaves, flowers, plants, and banyan trees. Floral themes are an important part of their painting tradition. Sacred themes in their art include swastika, trident, temples, shrines, and so on. Other common observed motives of their painting tradition include hunting, ploughing of fields, mulching of cows, carrying of water by females, churning of milk, climbing on trees, children playing in the field, dancing marriage procession, and so on. During Govardhan Pooja, paintings are also drawn on the bodies of the cattle.

Pithora Painting- The Bhil tribes of western Madhya Pradesh have developed a distinct style of figural wall painting.

These drawings are frequently made in thanksgiving, as an offering to God, or to fulfil a wish. Bhil artists, also known as Lekhindra, used to paint Pithora horses or bulls on the walls of their homes in this style. This art depicts significant events in their lives such as harvesting in the fields, land fertility, various festivals, childbirth, and mythological themes such as the marriage of the God Pithora and Goddess Pithori.

These motives are then filled with abstract patterns created with symbols such as dots, geometric designs such as vertical and horizontal lines, and some patterns.

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