by Universaltribes Admin on Mar 31, 2023
Bhils, also known as Bheels, are an Indo-Aryan speaking ethnic group from West India. They speak Bhil languages, a subgroup of Indo-Aryan languages from the Western Zone. Bhils are India's largest tribal group.
Location - Bhils are listed as indigenous people of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, and Rajasthan-all in the western and central Deccan regions of India-as well as Tripura in far-eastern India, on the border with Bangladesh. Bhils are divided into a number of endogamous territorial divisions, which in turn have a number of clans and lineages.
Language - Most Bhils now speak the regional language, such as Marathi, Gujarati, or a Bhill language dialect.
Sub-division - The Bhil are divided into several endogamous territorial divisions, each with its own set of clans and lineages. They are known as Meena, Bhil Garasia, Dholi Bhil, Dungri Bhil, Dungri Garasia, Mewasi Bhil, Rawal Bhil, Tadvi Bhil, and Bhagalia in Rajasthan. Bhilala, Pawra, Vasava, and Vasave are all names.
Based on Gujarati, but Bhill dialects gradually merged into more widely spoken languages such as Marathi in the southeast and Rajasthani in the northwest.
Estimates of people speaking the language are frequently inaccurate because speakers of minor languages like Bhill are sometimes treated as having major languages as their mother tongue (such as Marathi or Gujarati).
CULTURE - Bhils have a rich and distinct culture. Pithora painting is well-known in the Bhilala sub-division. Ghoomar is a Bhil tribe traditional folk dance. Ghoomar represents womanhood. In this dance, young girls declare that they are stepping into the shoes of women.
Handicrafts - The use of multi-colored dots as in-filling distinguishes Bhil painting. Bhuri Bai was the first Bhil artist to use ready-made colours and paper in her paintings. Lado Bai, Sher Singh, Ram Singh, and Dubu Banya are some other well-known Bhil artists.
Style & attire - Bhil women dress in traditional saris, while men wear long frocks and pyjamas. The woman wore heavy silver and brass ornaments, as well as beaded rosaries and silver coins and earrings.
Food - Bhils' main foods are maize, onion, garlic, and chilli, which they grow in small fields. They gather fruits and vegetables from the surrounding forests. Wheat and rice are only used for festivals and other special occasions. They carry self-made bows and arrows, swords, knives, axes, and other weapons for self-defense and hunting wild fauna, which also forms a significant portion of their diet. They consume copious amounts of alcohol distilled from the Mahua flower. On special occasions, various special preparations from the rich dish, such as maize, wheat, barley, malt, and rice, are made. Bhils are typically not vegetarian.
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