Introduction to Warli Tribal Community

by Universaltribes Admin on Mar 31, 2023

Written by Jaya Singh 

Reading Time 5 minutes 

Location - Warli Tribes are an Adivasi indigenous tribe who live in the mountainous, coastal, and bordering regions of Gujarat and Maharashtra.

They are considered by some to be a sub-caste of the Bhil tribe. It is dated back to the 10th century AD.

Meaning - The word 'Warli' is derived from the word 'Warla,' which means 'piece of land'.

Language - The Warli people speak Varli or Warli, an Indo-Aryan language. The language is typically classified as Marathi, but it is also known as Konkani or Bhil.

About their house & food - They lived in thatched mud huts and created their art on the walls of their homes with rice paste.

The Warli do not eat vegetables. They eat deer, goat, wild rabbit, fowls, pigeons, and peacocks, but fish is their favourite non-vegetarian dish. Dry fish is combined with dal (pulse) or vegetables before being served with rotlas (thick breads of nagli, wheat, jowar or rice). Nagli and rice are staple foods.

Culture - The Warli have their own animistic beliefs, way of life, customs, and traditions, and they have adopted many Hindu beliefs as a result of acculturation.

The Warli culture is centred on the concept of Mother Nature, and natural elements are frequently depicted as focal points in Warli painting.

The Warli tribe values folk art as well as gods, goddesses, and ritual culture. They use painting to depict their traditional way of life, customs, and traditions. The majority of these paintings are created by women.

Style & attire - The Varlis are non-aryan tribes who believe in the Sun and Moon. Their clothing also symbolises their belief in the Sun and Moon. Varli were a non-aryan tribe who eventually relocated to Konkan. The Varli costume for men consists of a loin cloth, waist coat, and turban, while the one-yard saree is for women.

The Warli Tribe women wear a Lugden that is worn until the knee and is typically a one yard sari. The Maharashtrian rural regions influenced the sari. The knee length draping resembles the Maharashtrian sari draping style.

Festival - Bohada is a three-day mask festival held by the Warli tribes. During this celebration, mask owners wear these masks and perform several times.

Father of Warli Art - Jivya Soma Mashe, the father of contemporary Warli art, is best known for his paintings of fishing nets, which feature enormous domes of white lace that cover nearly the entire canvas.

Dance & music - The Warli Tribes perform Tarpa Dance along with Tarpa music instruments.

They usually perform in groups. One person plays music with a Tarpa instrument and the rest of the people form a circle keeping the musician in the centre and dance with people.

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